The main focus of the RoboCup competitions is the game of football/soccer, where the research goals concern cooperative multi-robot and multi-agent systems in dynamic adversarial environments. All robots in this league are fully autonomous.
The games also serve as a great opportunity to educate and entertain the public around S&T issues.
● See more at: www.robocup.org/domains/1#sthash.wcKOTDCj.dpuf
RoboCupSoccer has eight leagues according to the robot size and form:
The Robot Soccer leagues have established rules for each game, covering different field (pitch) sizes and numbers of robots. Some of these leagues of multiple autonomous robots playing soccer demonstrate strategic plays based on the mapping of the surrounding robots. The rules are amended at appropriate times due, for instance, to technological advance.
In the Humanoid League, autonomous robots with a human-like body plan and human-like senses play soccer against each other. Unlike humanoid robots outside the Humanoid League the task of perception and world modeling is not simplified by using non-human like range sensors. In addition to soccer competitions technical challenges take place. Dynamic walking, running, and kicking the ball while maintaining balance, visual perception of the ball, other players, and the field, self-localization, and team play are among the many research issues investigated in the Humanoid League. Several of the best autonomous humanoid robots in the world compete in the RoboCup Humanoid League.
● See more at: www.robocuphumanoid.org
KidSize 40-90 cm
TeenSize 80-140 cm
Adult Size 130-180 cm
In RoboCup MSL teams of five fully autonomous robots play soccer with a regular size FIFA soccer ball. Teams are free to design their own hardware but all sensors have to be on-board and there is a maximum size and weight for the robots. The research focus is on mechatronics design, control and multi-agent cooperation at plan and perception levels.
● See more at www.robocup.org/leagues/6#sthash.wrmb8VlG.dpuf
The Small Size league or F180 league as it is otherwise known, is one of the oldest RoboCup Soccer leagues. It focuses on the problem of intelligent multi-robot/agent cooperation and control in a highly dynamic environment with a hybrid centralized/distributed system.
A Small Size robot soccer game takes place between two teams of six robots each. Each robot must conform to the dimensions as specified in the F180 rules: the robot must fit within an 180 mm diameter circle and must be no higher than 15 cm. The robots play soccer with an orange golf ball on a green carpeted field that is 9 m long by 6 m wide.
All objects on the field are tracked by a standardized vision system that processes the data provided by four cameras that are attached to a camera bar located 4 m above the playing surface. The vision system - called SSL-Vision - is an open source project maintained by the league’s community.
Off-field computers for each team are used for the processing required for coordination and control of the robots. Communications is wireless and uses dedicated commercial radio transmitter/receiver units.
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The RoboCup Standard Platform League is a soccer league where all teams participate using the same robot, the NAO robot from SoftBank Robotics. These robots play fully autonomously and each one takes decisions separately from the others, but they still have to play as a team by using communications. The teams play on a green field with white lines and goal posts, with no other landmarks, and the ball consists in a realistic white and black soccer one. These game characteristics generate a very challenging scenario, which allows improving the league every year.
This is one of the oldest leagues in RoboCupSoccer. The Simulation League focus on artificial intelligence and team strategy. Independently moving software players (agents) play soccer on a virtual field inside a computer. There are two subleagues: 2D and 3D.
● See more at: www.robocup.org/leagues/23#sthash.Rq9DZFXT.dpuf
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